Gum disease (gingivitis) is caused by bacteria in the mouth, which sticks to the surface of the teeth to form plaque. Plaque releases substances that irritate the gums, causing a change in colour and texture that may result in bleeding gums when brushing.

If left untreated, the gums and bone supporting the teeth may start to erode – this is known as periodontitis. In its more severe form, the disease can result in gum pockets and bone recession, causing teeth to become loose and even fall out.

Evidence suggests periodontal bacteria can enter the bloodstream and travel to major organs. Whilst more research needs to be done, there are associations of periodontal disease with:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes complications
  • Preterm birth and low weight baby

At All Saints Dental Clinic, our team can help you to improve your periodontal health using various preventative methods and cleaning techniques. Scaling and careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar is necessary on affected teeth with deep gum pockets. This treatment can have limitations and more complex treatments may be indicated to restore health.


Why do I need to see a Periodontist?
A hygienist is trained to clean your teeth and provide advice how to prevent gum disease. A Periodontist is a dentist who has undergone specialist training in the treatment of more complex gum troubles and regeneration of lost gum tissue. Some people are genetically more prone to getting gum disease. To prevent the chances of gum disease your oral hygiene is very important. It is important to see you dentist and hygienist regularly to diagnose, treat and prevent any issues.

What does Gum Disease cause?
Gum disease isn’t just bad for your teeth and oral health, but has also been linked to serious health problems such as stroke, diabetes, and heart disease

Why should I stop smoking?
Nicotine is a highly addictive stimulant found in both cigarettes and most vape liquids. Nicotine is harmful to oral health and some of its effects include:

  • Tooth decay
  • Staining and Yellowing of the teeth
  • Bruxism or tooth grinding
  • Dry mouth, which can lead to bad breath, increased plaque and tatar build-up
  • Gum disease

Should I use a Mouthwash?
Brushing your teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste will manually remove plaque and bacteria from your teeth to reduce the chances of dental decay and gum disease. Mouthwash does not do this but can help keep.

A fluoride containing mouthwash can benefit you if used after a meal because it gives you an application of fluoride and neutralises the acids caused from bacteria and food.

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